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Change comes from struggle. We shows the struggle towards the violated rights and freedoms by others body. By Behailu M.

CONTEXT OF HUMAN RIGHT IN AFRICA

By: Behailu Mengistu

Most People in the African country suffer under political systems that are highly repressive and exploitative. Wole Soyinka, one of the greatest of modern African authors and opponents of military dictatorship, has shown in many of his works that the moral basis of the promised political kingdom has been lost in the greed and insatiable thirst for power. There are many levels of recognition and protection of human rights. Recognition of the importance of human right in all dimensions of life and society is growing throughout the world. However, in Africa human rights are derived in part from felt and expressed human needs which slowly change over time as effected by new conditions of governments ruling system.
The state exists in order to protect and advance our human rights. But in practice we have seen how those who control the levers of power in society have captured the state for their own interests. This is a true especially in African countries where authoritarian regimes deny the people’s rights. There are still serious problems regarding the rule of law in respect to human rights in Africa. This problem has been raised in several forums, and several human rights organizations have encountered numerous cases of the human rights violations. We all have immeasurable challenges in the human right areas.
A lot of groups has added their voice in the fight against human rights abuses in Africa. Most of its human rights advocacy has been done through the work of the groups for Justice and peace.
The African Society does play a critical role in the struggle for democracy and human rights. Having played a decisive role in the collapse of authoritarian regimes, it is now up against a democratic government that resents being watched over and whose commitment to the respect for human rights and democratic governance is doubtful.
Some Human Rights Organizations themselves face a number of problems, which they need to address. Among these is the dilemma of external funding, which guarantees them autonomy in their respective countries but, as the African case shows also makes them very vulnerable to attacks from the government.

To inform change representatives, potential change causes and those involved in the political of law about human rights respects, the obligation that arise from them and the steps required to stop the political pressure on different part of Africa and to assist them in their response to political activities.

Since a long time most African countries are rapidly doing their human abuse work and become the most devastating in political status. Some countries like Ethiopia, continue to show exceptionally high levels of human right abuse and incidence.

The political problems has been viewed as a strongly garnered development problem in the peoples. The political problems causes human right violations and is also driven by some political violations. The promotion and protection of human rights must therefore be at the center of all aspects of an effective response to the people.

In the context of Human right, an application of international human right frameworks transforms the needs of the individual into entitlements and ensures that government are accountable for their actions. We have recognized a failure to fully implement the legal and responsibility of the human right in different part of African countries. Human rights treatment need to engage in various process before they accept international human rights agreements, as the treaties create obligations and states must be ready for them.

In Africa, human right are generally only mentioned by name, but many of the agreement provisions are of relevance. Some countries are deeply concerned that the extent of human right abuse in the African countries has negatively affected the enjoyment of economic, social, and cultural right as enshrined in the covenant, especially by the most disadvantaged and marginalized groups.

As a result, we need to empowering people with political knowledge and resources to understand and assert the rights. Simultaneously, we have to focus on capacity building of government to be able to protect and promote human rights.

More to read on African Human right; 

                    http://www.jstor.org/stable/4186405?seq=5

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2 comments on “CONTEXT OF HUMAN RIGHT IN AFRICA

  1. mintwab
    November 12, 2014

    True democracy can only exist if all of Ethiopia’s component parts are
    allowed to participate equally and equitably in the political process. It is essential,therefore, that legitimate concerns of the Oromo be dealt with fairly and expeditiously by authorities in Ethiopia.

    Like

  2. behailum2012
    November 12, 2014

    In discussing human rights in the African cultural context, this chapter has highlighted three features: cross-cultural perspectives on human rights with a view to balancing universality with relativism; indigenous African notions of popular democratic participation in governance; and socio-economic development as a process of self-enhancement from within. These elements of the human rights agenda imply that the challenge of realizing human rights is primarily internal.
    However, the principle of universality that must ultimately prevail means that, by definition, human rights enforcement is a shared responsibility between the state and the international community. As an item of domestic governance, the first line of accountability for such responsibility rests with the country in question and its people. Where there is democracy, the electorates can act as effective watchdogs domestically and, by extension, regionally and internationally. But when a people are oppressed and are powerless to hold their governments accountable, international action becomes necessary. This is particularly so where cleavages in national identity result in a vacuum of governmental responsibility and the authorities are unable or unwilling to provide comprehensive protection of human rights for all citizens without discrimination on grounds of race, national origin, religion, culture, or gender. While the international community is far from achieving this objective, the universal demand for respect for the human rights of all peoples has made considerable progress and appears irreversible.

    Like

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This entry was posted on November 6, 2014 by in Home.
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