Change comes from struggle. We shows the struggle towards the violated rights and freedoms by others body. By Behailu M.
Most of the African countries political outlook at the present time is filled with many uncertainties and much that is unpredictable. The uncertainties are different from countries to countries and within many of these countries, make the future of them very unpredictable and bring instability among the nations. It’s clear, this unstable condition is a cause of growing concern as it threatens and prevents the future development of the countries potential human and natural resource development.
I would like to take a brief look at the political economy of Ethiopia’s transformation in a globalizing world, drawing on vision statements crafted by African countries, with the common goal of attaining middle-income status within generation. There will be challenges at many levels, Policy, Planning and financing and above all political. This needs the enthusiasm and dedication with which Ethiopia’s progress is being pursued at many levels is unprecedented.
Better governance and social peace are essential for growth and development. In all the visions looked at, transformation is the key theme. The countries are categorical in discussing political futures. If we take some African countries: Uganda( mentions the attainment of a more democratic political dispensation as a goal, Mozambique(looks towards a future of peace and stability, national cohesion and democratic governance, Zambia( the promotion of democratic principles, social economic justice and patriotism and ethnic unity, Rwanda( social cohesion can only be maintained in the presence of capable state which treasures the country’s most important asset-its people, Kenya( will encourage issues based politics, a goal which says a great deal on the changes taking place in that country.
Ethiopia…there is no reference to structural adjustment policy and this will put the country’s political economy in backward and let us to put the question ‘’what is the responsibility of the Government?“ Ethiopian structural transformation will take time to achieve but policymakers are convinced that time is right to make an earnest start. There are still many challenges ahead. Public protests have increased in recent years, largely in countries undergoing democratic transition. People want jobs and better wages, and they are keeping a closer eye on their leaders, including through digital media.
In East Africa, BNP Paribas’ Mr Guièze raises concern about growing corruption in Ethiopia, and separately notes the flow of refugees from Sudan and Somalia which could lead to conflict – there have been alleged clashes over issues such as wood collection in the south. Ethiopia’s last elections were boycotted and the opposition is non-existent. “The population does not have a way to express itself without a democratic process so it could trigger some protest” he says, adding that countries in crisis, whether political or physical, are likely to under-perform, highlighting Zimbabwe, Swaziland, and Madagascar. http://www.thisisafricaonline.com/Analysis/The-political-outlook?ct=true .
There are causes of Ethiopian political development: Poor governance system, Poor leadership qualities, Corruption, lack of democratic practice, Lavish spending of Ethiopian leader are some. Ethiopian government forgets the fact that the essence of political development is to direct economically weaker countries to believe that the economically strong countries wield both political and economic power which cannot be challenged. This place the country in a position that enables the country to dictate terms to Ethiopia with no due consideration to the consequences those terms will have on the people’s of Ethiopia.
The Ethiopian political outlook at the present time is filled with many uncertainties and much is unpredictable. Uncertain factors within many of these countries and in relations between some of them make the future of the whole region very unpredictable and give the region an appearance of considerable instability. The need to stabilize the region, so as to reduce the level of conflict and promote economic and social progress, is widely recognized, but means of doing this are not proving easy to find. It is worth looking at the background to the unstable condition of this region and at some general factors contributing to this condition.
The other African countries are going forward by highlighting prioritization, strategic emphasis and innovative thinking with regard to implementation. It would be helpful for Ethiopia if these policy goals are then concreted in the more operational national development plans and the annual national budget than simply saying and breaking the rules.
In general, Ethiopian government took the opposite direction to other African countries. The other tries to create nationalism by suppressing ethnicity and even banning ethnic-based political parties. Ethiopian government based its political system on its constituent parts. It was an extraordinary gamble. The time for Ethiopia to initiate its political development through the effort and initiatives of African states and citizens has dawned. The need for rethinks about strategies and implementation plans for sustainable and equitable economic and social development. We have the potential to stand on our own feet to initiate our political, social, economic development.
By Behailu Mengistu