Change comes from struggle. We shows the struggle towards the violated rights and freedoms by others body. By Behailu M.
The world today is driven by permanent competition and African leaders must take account of this to carry out several changes. Leaders of the new Generation has to consider their capability of facing a number of challenges such as fragmentation of the region, promotion of democracy and human right, history and knowledge and the ways in which these various challenges are tackled.
It is obvious that in developed communities of the democratic world, leaders of all types- political, social, economic, educational and religious- know that they are in the eye and are subjected to a vigilant scrutiny. In communities, leaders are seen as a servant of the people and he who serves best is loved most. The public becomes the guardian of the society and of the leaders themselves.
Some study shows in Africa servants often abuse the public they serve, even a guardian of one Bureau bullies the peoples. The people often tolerates this abuse for too long and tend to explode against bad leaders when it is too late. In another side of human dignity, the problem of abuse of the people by contemptuous leaders is the disrespect for human dignity.
The mistrust of the leaders by the people, the problems of corruption at all levels and general cynicism towards governmental affairs are the mostly raised problems. These problems operates within two contexts. The first is that of the general public and the other is that of the private domain. The serious doubts as the issue of cynicism were expressed about the effectiveness of the leaders under the circumstance of the mobilization and productivity of the people.
Some other researchers are shows the problems of leadership which was also mentioned in my research paper which was written in 2012 for the masters graduation in limited areas: Click here to read more: Research Thesis conducted on Leadership in Ethiopia; Oromia by Behailu Mengistu. The study also pointed out that Regional Bureaus have an inconsistent leadership development philosophy that does not properly support and promote a leadership development. This contributes to poor performance of the leadership and organizations as well. And this has low contribution in building capacity and deepens good governance of the region.
In a lot circumstances, the leaders tend to display an attitude of contempt and disregard for the people, even as they claim to govern in the name of the masses. The leaders are failed to develop institutions that would translate independence in to popular democracy and liberty. They failed to accommodate dissent and tap the energies of the people for the economic and social development.
The resistance of human rights and the repression of power by dominant groups or dictatorial rulers was suppressed with greater abuse of force. This brings violations of human rights and the repression of the energies of the people, which could have been constructively released for the development and nation building. The current problems for example: mass movement of refugees became the prevailing features of the country. Mostly the qualified citizens began to see personal security and better opportunities for saving his life and employing in foreign countries.
As a consequence of this, ethnic, cultural and religious barriers are not harmonized through equitable and impartial balance of interests. Disparities rather than diminishing with independence, were deepened and widened. Getting the right leadership will leads to good governance, democracy, inclusive government and creates enable environment for the citizens.
By Behailu Mengistu